Tips for Filing Your 2017 Taxes
The IRS tax code is complex and always changing. Whether you've changed jobs, moved into a new home, or made other life adjustments within the last year, we want to provide you with tax help and tax resources to make the process easier to understand.
That's why we've prepared a list of tax tips we hope you will find useful.
If you don’t find answers to your questions, please give us a call at (317) 897-9964 or contact us online. One of our tax professionals will be happy to assist you!
1) Affordable Care Act Changes
Penalties are still in place for not having health insurance for two more years. However, recent changes to the law eliminates those penalties beginning in 2020.
2) IRS Required To Hold Refunds
In order to reduce tax fraud, the Internal Revenue Service is holding refunds until February 27, 2018 for tax returns with Earned Income Credit or Child Credit.
3) Indiana Return Tips
- Don’t forget, Indiana allows you to deduct the first $3,000 you paid in rent and the first $2,500 of property taxes.
- Indiana allows a $1,000 deduction for each child that attends a private school; parochial school; or is home schooled for grades K-12.
4) Education Credits
The American Opportunity Credit can increase your refund by up to $2,500 per student. Also, you could qualify for a $1,000 refund even if you had zero income, but your parents cannot claim you as a dependent. The tax break is allowed the year you pay the tuition even if you used a student loan to pay for it. Form 1098T is required.
5) Student Loan Interest Deduction
The deduction for Student Loan Interest can ease the burden of payments for student loans. If you pay interest on a qualified Student Loan, you are generally able to deduct the interest expense up to $2,500.
6) Effect of Changing Withholding Exemptions
For each exemption change you make, your refund will increase or decrease by $540 to $1,000. It’s controlled by your tax bracket which can be 15%, 25%, or 28%.
7) High Income Earners
High income earners are not only subject to higher tax rates, including the 3.8% surtax, but also an increased Medicare tax of 0.9% on wages above certain thresholds.
8) IRS and/or Indiana Notices
If you receive a notice from the IRS or Indiana, don’t assume that it is correct and automatically pay it. Many notices just require you to give more information to show why you do not owe additional taxes or penalties. Consult with your tax preparer when you receive tax notices.
9) Earned Income Credit (EIC)
Credit amounts increased for taxpayers with children.
There is an increase on EIC in 2017 for taxpayers with one or more qualifying children. The EIC reduces the tax you owe and gives you a refund even if you do not owe any tax.
For tax year 2017 the maximum credit is:
$6,318 for three or more qualifying children
$5,616 for two qualifying children
$3,400 for one qualifying child
$510 if there are no qualifying children
$501 on your Indiana Tax Return
10)Standard Mileage Rates
The 2017 rate for business use of your vehicle is 53.5¢ a mile. Plus you can deduct 19¢ per mile for travel associated with medical visits and 14¢ per mile for charitable mileage. Special Note: The IRS has increased the number of audits for taxpayers claiming mileage deductions. It’s important to have a mileage log or all deductions could be disallowed.
11)Home Office Deduction
Under the Home Safe Harbor Method, the number of square feet used exclusively for an office is multiplied by $5.00 per square foot for a maximum of 300 square feet (or a maximum deduction of $1,500.)
There is a $250 deduction for teachers spending their own money for classroom supplies.
If you win at the casino, you may receive a W-2G tax form that day. Be sure to keep it in a safe place until tax time and give it to your tax preparer. Save your losing lottery tickets, too. If you win, you can deduct the losses up to the amount of your winnings.
14)ROTH Retirement Advantages
- Never pay Federal or Indiana taxes on your earnings
- All distributions are tax and penalty free if you have had an account for at least 5 years or you reach age 59½
- There are no required minimum distributions at age 70½ or older
- There is no income limitation for conversions and rollovers into ROTH-IRAs
- Withdrawals from inherited ROTH-IRAs are usually tax-free
Need a Copy of Your Tax Return?
The Internal Revenue Service charges $50.00 for a complete copy of your tax return. However, Fiscal Tax retains our clients returns for 10 years and is available year round to provide FREE copies whenever you should need one.
Avoid IRS and Indiana Penalties
If you don’t file or pay your taxes on time, both IRS and Indiana can charge up to 25% annual interest and penalties on any unpaid balance.
Child Tax Credit
The $1,000 Child Tax Credit (or added refund) cannot be claimed the year your child turns 17 even if they are a student.
The following items are often overlooked by taxpayers who itemize their deductions:
- Depreciation on a self-owned computer or cell phone required to do your job
- Education that is employment related
- Home office or part of your home used regularly and exclusively in your work
- Job search expenses in your present occupation
- Business, medical, and charitable mileage
- Legal fees related to doing or keeping your job and protecting or collecting taxable income
- Tools, supplies, and safety equipment used in your work
- Travel, transportation, entertainment, and gift expenses related to your work
- Uniforms and the cost of their upkeep
IRS Warning About Email and Phone Scams
If you receive an email claiming to be from the IRS that contains a request for personal information:
- Don’t reply
- Don’t click on any links
- Don’t open any attachments
If you receive a phone call from someone claiming to be from the IRS:
- Record their name and badge number
- Ask for a call back number and make a note of the caller ID if available